Gyrodinium estuariale Hulburt, 1957

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Gyrodinium estuariale

A = A swimming cell; B = A living cell with two chloroplasts; C = A cell in Lugol. All (DIC)

Photographer/artist Mats Kuylenstierna

Additional image information

Gyrodinium estuariale
Mats Kuylenstierna
Copyright holder
Maria Kuylenstierna
University of Gothenburg, Marine botany
Bengt Karlson
A = A swimming cell; B = A living cell with two chloroplasts; C = A cell in Lugol. All (DIC)
Image galleries
Kuylenstierna, Skagerrak-Kattegat


IDs in other systems
Right side of hypotheca longer than left. Cingulum displaced about 1X cingulum width. Cell with two to four chloroplasts and sometimes with food particles.
Other remarks
It is common in estuaries according to Steidinger & Tangen (1996). G. estuariale was common in Gullmarsfjorden and fiord like systems during the summer.
Distribution: Worldwide
Life form
length 11-16 µm, width 9-12 µm
Gardiner, W. E., Rushing, A. E. & Dawes, C. J. 1989. Ultrastructural observations of Gyrodinium estuariale (Dinophyceae) (Note). J. Phycol. 25: 178-183.
Hulburt, E. M. 1957. The taxonomy of unarmored Dinophyceae of shallow embayments on Cape Cod, Massachusetts. Biological Bulletin. 112: 196-219.
Steidinger, K. A. & Tangen, K. 1996. Dinoflagellates. In: Tomas, C. R. (ed.) Identifying marine diatoms and dinoflagellates. Academic Press, Inc., San Diego, p. 387-584.
Throndsen, J. 1969. Flagellates of Norwegian coastal waters. Nytt Mag. Bot. 16: 161-216.